cultivars identified as resistant to green peach aphid (Myzus persicae) Qing Chen. [3], Originally described by Swiss entomologist Johann Heinrich Sulzer in 1776, its specific name is derived from the Latin genitive persicae "of the peach". 34 By sucking plant sap, it can lose the nutrients of crops and inhibit their growth and development. In the early spring, the overwintering eggs hatch, and nymphs cause damage by feeding on buds, flowers, young foliage as well as stems. Para el uso de cualquier ingrediente activo debe consultar con un especialista. Systemic insecticides, such as Orthene and Merit/Marathon, can be used to control aphids within curled leaves on ornamental varieties. Planting a habitat for beneficial insects, such as sweet alyssum, around the field may be helpful. Of all the aphids, the peach potato aphid (Myzus persicae subsp. BACKGROUND. [7], In the warmer months, and throughout the year in warmer climates, the green peach aphid reproduces asexually; adults produce nymphs on a wide variety of herbaceous plant material, including many vegetable crops such as cabbage and its Brassica relatives, potato and other crops of the family Solanaceae, celery, mustard, pepper, pumpkin, okra, corn, and sunflower and other flower crops. Control weeds along ditch banks, roads, in farmyards, and other noncultivated areas that contribute directly to the aphid problem. When young plants are infested in the greenhouse and then tra… As the weather cools, aphids mate and lay their tiny (0.6 mm x 0.3 mm) oval eggs in crevices of the bark of Prunus trees. Myzus persicae usually infest peach trees earlier in the season than do Hyalopterus spp. It overwinters as an egg, laid in trees of the genus Prunus. Banker plants system consisted of pots of oat infested with Rhopalosiphum padi. General. In the arugula crop significant differences in the pest population between the two strategies of biological control showed the lowest densities of the pest when introducing the banker plant system. [citation needed], The green peach aphid transmits several destructive viruses in pepper including pepper potyviruses and cucumber mosaic viruses,which causes plants to turn yellow and the leaves to curl downward and inward from the edges. to some organophosphorus insecticides (Homoptera, Aphididae).. Acta. & Naveed, M. (2020). The nymphs are at first greenish, then yellowish in color; those that become winged females may be pinkish. [5] The green peach aphid can complete a generation with 10 to 12 days. [13], Farmers usually fight against the green peach aphid by taking efficacious cultural practices. In most of its range it is anholocyclic, but its primary host is Prunus persica. Compiled by Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University. Unhealthy looking plants with discoloured, curled or disfigured leaves are often a sign of an aphid attack. Many predators, fungus diseases, high temperatures, hard rains and damp weather reduce aphid populations. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. (1970). Myzus persicae has more than 875 sec- The green peach aphid, Myzus persicae(Sulzer), is found throughout the world, including all areas of North America, where it is viewed as a pest principally due to its ability to transmit plant viruses. 33: Hurkova, J. persicae) is the most important vector of viral diseases.It can transmit at least 100 different viruses and is thus rightfully feared by many growers. Under protected cultivation, M. persicae was recorded on capsicum plant for 2 consecutive years, 2017 and 2018. This allows high levels of survival in areas with inclement weather, and favors ready transport on plant material. ", "Comparative toxicity of selected insecticides to Aphis citricola, Myzus malisuctus (Homoptera: Aphididae), and the predator Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Myzus_persicae&oldid=997416137, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 11:32. Nymphs and adults extract nutrients from the plant … ... Hainan Engineering Research Center for Biological Control of Tropical Crops Diseases and Insect Pests, Haikou, China. Additionally, if future surveys confirm our finding of a spontaneous association between A. transcaspicus and M. persicae at increasing numbers, this may allow for improved biological control of Hyalopterus spp. Wingless adults resemble nymphs and are 1.7 to 2.0 mm long. Banker plants with Aphidius colemani were tested in greenhouse for control of Myzus persicae on vegetable crops. [3], Protecting and taking advantages of natural enemies can control and prevent the number of green peach aphids by creating the favourable environmental condition which is beneficial for the development of natural enemies such as lady beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), flower flies (Diptera: Syrphidae), lacewings (Neuroptera: mainly Chrysopidae), parasitic wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae).Among the natural enemies of the M. persicae are both predators and parasitoids, including: beetles such as the Coccinellidae, including the two-spotted ladybird (Adalia bipunctata), seven-spotted ladybird (Coccinella septempunctata), and ten-spotted ladybird (Adalia decempunctata), true bugs such as the anthocorids or pirate bugs of the genera Orius and Anthocoris; neuropterans such as green lacewings of the genera Chrysopa and Chrysoperla, hoverflies such as Syrphus, Scaeva, Episyrphus, gall midges such as Aphidoletes aphidimyza, aphid parasitoids such as Aphidiinae,[11] and parasitic wasps of the family Braconidae. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Incidence of green peach aphid, Myzus persicae on Brassica crop and its chem - ical control in the field. Bulg. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. In the sweet pepper crop, there was no difference in the pest population between the two strategies of biological control. The performance of Aphidius gifuensis and its effectiveness in biological control of Myzus persicae on three plant species were tested. The worst damage is in the early summertime for the aphid breeding peak, because winged dispersants from Prunus spp where the egg of overwintering aphid stage deposit nymphs on summer hosts migrating to tobacco, potatoes and cruciferous vegetables to be harmful continuously after a few generations. Resistance of greenhouse populations of Myzus persicae (Sulz.) The tobacco aphid (Myzus persicae subsp. J. Large numbers of GPA can develop quickly on new terminal Oil sprays are used to prevent the spread of virus diseases in squash. In the arugula crop the banker plant strategy was more efficient than the inoculative release of the parasitoid. Adjusting the planting layout; adjusting the sowing time and harvest time; deep plowing and winter turning over; appropriate use of crop fertilizers and timely drainage and irrigation can all be used to minimize the impact. Green peach aphid Myzus persicae. Whilst Myzus persicae is a polyphagous generalist. [3], The presence of the green peach aphid can be detrimental to the quality of the crops. The green peach aphid, Myzus persicae(Sulzer), is found throughout the world, including all areas of North America, where it is viewed as a pest principally due to its ability to transmit plant viruses. Search for more papers by this author. 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