[25] Hampi is another great city of the medieval period where the Vijayanagara empire flourished between 1336 and 1565 and held sway over most of the Indian peninsula; this city was sacked by the invading Muslim army in 1565. Stone carvings are a popular tourist attraction and are a source of inspiration for students of art and architecture. However the British conversion was voluntary and not compulsory as Portuguese was in most cases. [21], Th reign of the Hoysala Empire occurred between the 10th and 14th centuries over the western region of Karnataka. [16], Another bhakthi movement established in the 13th century was of Haridasas, a devotional group of saints who formed the group under the same name, and who were Vaishnavites of the Dwiata philosophy. Hinduism is the largest religion in Karnataka, followed by Buddhism, Christianity, Jainism, Islam and Sikhism. According to the Census of 2011, the population of Karnataka is 83 percent Hindus, 12.2 percent Muslims, 3.1 percent Christians, 0.8 percent Jains, 0.7 percent Buddhist and less than 0.1 percent Sikhs. Karnataka is the sixth largest state in India. [6] This was to form the basis of the Lingayat faith[7] and its followers, the Lingayats, account for 17% of the total population of 65 million in Karnataka. Both Jain philosophy and literature have contributed immensely to the religious and cultural landscape of Karnataka. [23] Bittiga, the ruler of the Hoysala empire, converted from Jainism to Hinduism. The Joshua Project Progress Scale is an estimate of the progress of church planting among a people group, people cluster, country or language. He first lived in Tondanur and then shifted to Melukote where the Cheluvanarayana Swamy Temple and a well-organised math (religious centre)[2] were established. Total population of Karnataka as per 2011 census is 61,095,297 of which male and female are 30,966,657 and 30,128,640 respectively. The town was ravaged by Muslim invaders in 1327. Muslims form approximately 12.91% of the population of Karnataka. Leading figures of the movement such as Basava, Akka Mahadevi and Allama Prabhu established the Anubhava Mantapa where Lingayatism was expounded. (212) 419-8286 [3] Leading figures of the movement, such as Basava, Akka Mahadevi and Allama Prabhu, established the Anubhava Mantapa where Lingayatism was expounded. Although seven of the U.K. returnees have been found to be positive for the new variant of SARS-CoV-2, Karnataka is unlikely to witness a surge beyond what it … Their religious dogmas are not clear except for some inscriptions which attest to their strong influence in Karnataka. 1. In the past few decades, the … The Badami Chalukyas spawned the Vesara style of architecture and experimented with several myriad styles with frequent intermixing of Nagara and Dravida concepts. Udupi, Sringeri, Gokarna and Melukote are well known places of Sanskrit learning and Vedic learning. But he decided to establish his own kingdom and reconverted to Hinduism, an indication of religious tolerance that was prevalent during the medieval period; there was no opposition from the orthodoxy. Even villages that have no Muslim population celebrate the event. The three most prominent movements of Vedanta Hinduism -- Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita—began in Karnataka. [14], In Karnataka before the Lingayats' started their bhakthi movement, there was the Kalamukha sect who were worshipers of Shiva. Northern Karnataka (especially in the area formerly ruled by the Princely State of Hyderabad) such as Gulbarga, Bidar, Bijapur, Raichur and Dharwad. The capital is Bengaluru. [4] In the past, Jainism dominated Hinduism. One of the notable thirtha sthanas (religious centre) on the bank of the river is Srirangapattana. In an interview to , Sudhakar, who is a medical practitioner, said, "One should learn the Hindu way of life. This was an enlightened way of worship in which caste distinctions were discarded. The Advaita Adi Shankara chose Shringeri in Karnataka to establish the first of his four mathas. Watch Queue Queue They abhorred caste system and were emphatic to practice the direct interaction with god and symbolically express it through wearing small linga around their neck signifying their faith. Islam arrived in Karnataka and Kerala in the 7th century with Arab merchants trading in spices. It is an ancient language of the Dravidian genre. [1] The three most prominent movements of Vedanta Hinduism -- Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita—began in Karnataka. 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